52 words your child should work on
Whether your child went to preschool, daycare, or home with a caregiver, sending them to kindergarten is a really big deal. Kindergarten is the educational on-ramp for your child’s learning journey, and a big part of kicking it off will likely be learning those 52 sight words. If your child is already curious about learning to read, you can help them by teaching them these sight words for kindergarten that will put them at the top of the class.
What are sight words?
The concept of sight words is rooted in an approach to teaching children to read that encompasses the idea of memorizing the appearance of certain basic words. “Reading is a developmental process. In the early years, this involves bringing together various aspects of phonology, or sounds, spelling, or letter patterns, as well as morphology, or units and patterns that make sense,” says Dr. Rebecca Mannis, Learning Specialist, at Romper. “Children in these early years are learning to decode words that have ‘regular patterns’ or predictable associations of letters and sounds such as cat and bat.” As children learn the patterns and rules associated with certain words, they are able to decode them faster and store those words in their long-term memory. While some sight words are spoken, others are recognized based on their appearance.
Once children enter kindergarten, sight words become very important as they are seen as steps on the road to reading. “Sight Word Lists are created to provide parents and teachers with a guideline to help children learn the words they will encounter most often in their reading,” says Holly DiBella-McCarthy, a Certified Educational Educator. specialized. “Grade level sight word lists include the words most frequently found in reading at that grade level. Children should be exposed to sight word instruction as they begin to become interested in letter sounds and to express the desire to learn to read.
What sight words should preschoolers know?
As for sight words in elementary education, they basically fall into two categories: “Dolch” and “Fry”. “The Dolch sight word list is based on high-frequency words for kindergarten through third grade and contains a total of 220 words,” says speech-language pathologist Elena Smith of the methodology created by Dr. Edward William Dolch in the 1930s. . The Fry Sight Word List, on the other hand, was created by Dr. Edward Fry in the 1950s and is based on words that appear frequently in reading material for older children – especially middle school students. third to ninth grade – and is divided into ten levels. Each level contains 100 words, for a total of 1,000 words.
While your child will learn most (if not all) of these sight words in kindergarten, you can totally teach some of them at home before school even starts, if you’re both willing to do so. The 52 sight words for kindergarten are:
- A m
- Has come
- To eat
- To have to
- Want to
- Has been
- Will be
You can help your little learner practice his sight words with flash cards, preschool computer programs, or even have him write the sight words for you. Before you know it, your child will have memorized enough sight words to start reading on their own.
Holly DiBella-McCarthy, Certified Special Education Educator
Dr. Rebecca Mannis, Ph.D., Learning Specialist and Developmental Psychologist
Elena Smith, CCC-SLP, Founder and Clinician at Ivy Speech and Language